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“We value you . . .”

So, I was told what my raise would be for 2018. $.28 per hour. I was also told “we don’t want you to leave (insert company here)” and “we really value you.”

In 2017, above company was paying me $14 per hour. Well, actually, for about half the year I was making less than that because of the cut the staffing agency was taking, but, whatevs. We’ll call it $14. To be fair, they also give benefits like a 401(k), if I can afford to contribute, health insurance with a deductible that’s only 20% of my income, and all the overtime you can work without losing your mind, assuming you haven’t lost it during regular hours. Not every company is that generous.

I got called in for my end-of-year evaluation to find out what my pay bump will be for this coming year. At this point I’m trained in almost everything I can be in this department, and up until I burned out, I was putting up excellent numbers.* I’m fairly certain that I wasn’t one of the ones exacerbating the calls that started with “This is the fourth time I’ve had to call you people!” My merit increase for 2018 is 3.5%, prorated. My supervisor wanted me to know that the company approved the 3% and she really fought for that extra 0.5%. Cool, that’s like, what, a nickle an hour? I’m gonna run right out and buy . . . nothing. Because nothing costs a nickle anymore. So, you know, thanks.

There are three points to consider here. Let’s start with the last one that I considered. The average inflation rate in 2017 was 2.1%. That means that 2.1% of my 3.5% prorated “merit” increase is in fact a cost of living increase. The actual number should probably be higher, given the cost of housing in Portland, but we’re going with national averages, here. What this tells me is that my merit, all of the overtime I put in, all of the uptraining I not only attended but actually learned, all of the showing up on time is worth 1.4% of my income to encourage me to keep doing it. I’m feeling the love, here. Really.

Point two, 3.5% of $14 is actually $.49 per hour. I started doing the actual job in January of 2017 for less than my coworkers in the same training class because of the staffing agency I came through. I wasn’t “officially” hired until June. Once again, the company is having words trump reality. I was doing the job all year, but I’m going to get nickled and dimed out of my pay increase because I wasn’t “officially” doing the job (that I was actually doing) for half that time. Well, pennied and dimed. Two dimes and a penny per hour, that is. My revenue for 2017 was low five figures. Theirs were upper nine or lower 10 figures, if I remember the self-congratulatory e-mail correctly. I can totally see why they need those two dimes and a penny more than I do. Makes sense.

The last point, the first one that occurred to me when I heard about my whopping $.28 raise, is that I can now afford a medium Dunkin Donuts iced coffee per day. Not a mocha, mind you, but more than a plain hot coffee. ($.28 X 8 hours= $2.24- 18% taxes= $1.84 take-home per day). Or, I can totally splurge at the end of the year and ($.28 X 2087 hours annually  = $584.36- 18% taxes= $479.18 ), well, let’s be honest. I’ll have already spent it by making a tiny dent in my debt or possibly on avocados. After all, we know that the reason Millenials are living in their parents houses in record numbers is avocados. So I’m worth a cup of coffee, but not rent money. I’m feeling very valued.

My supervisor and I also talked about what my next steps would be. She suggested that I work on officially moving the next step up in my department since it “should come with a pay bump.” Of what? $.50? Woo hoo. She was shocked when I asked when I might hear back from the other department that I’d applied for. That I’d already told her in no uncertain terms I was aiming for. Aside from the fact that it’s potentially a far, far better fit for my personality, I happen to know it pays more than half again as much as I’m currently making. She doesn’t want the company to lose me, but when I literally say “I want to be able to pay rent,” she doesn’t seem to be able to back me on figuring out how the company can help me do that. **

One third of my anticipated income for the year ($14.28 X 2087= $29,802.36 – 18% taxes / 3) is $8,145.98. According to common wisdom found everywhere, that’s what I can afford to spend on my housing without straining my budget elsewhere. That’s $678.83 a month and really needs to include heat since I do live in Maine. Around here I can rent a room for that amount, not an apartment. Given that my last rented room situation was . . . memorable, I’m not up to trying that again just now. I’ve been tracking my expenses for the last 18 months or so, and even after giving up my chickens, I’d have to do some rethinking in my budget if I were going to make progress on my debt while also paying rent. Actually, I’d have to do some rethinking of my budget just to pay the rent, even before I think about debt. As far as another injury like a broken leg? That’s just not an option. I couldn’t afford it.

Every few months or so they tell me at work that they value me. Whenever they remember to tell me much of anything. I suppose that comes with being a low maintenance employee. But every two weeks my paycheck tells me exactly how much they value me. Which is really not very much at all. As for the merit increase? It’s ($.28 X $14 =) 2%. Which is less than inflation for 2017. It’s good to know exactly how hard they’ll work to keep a low maintenance, trainable employee around, isn’t it?

*After writing this, I was given a new supervisor. In our first meeting he told me we really didn’t have anything to talk about. My numbers were great and I was doing everything they wanted. Apparently even after I burned out, I’m doing just fine.

**Publication held until I got the job without her help. You never know what your employer is reading online. I didn’t get the job.

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Common Ground Fair 2017

It’s about time for me to see if I have enough time off available to go to the Common Ground Fair this fall. I dunno, I’ve got a lot of things going on this year. I’m not sure I’ll have the time. Why have I taken to going every year?

It’s kinda like the Ren Faire.

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And a gymkhana.

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With food.

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Lots of food.

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There are things to learn.

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Experiments to study.

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The people watching is epic.

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More food.

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Don’t give me the side-eye when you walk between my camera and horses, buddy.

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And critters.

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How many places will you really hear someone on their phone saying, “I’m watching oxen pull a sledge. Yes, oxen.”

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Guess it’s time to check the calendar!

$30,000 Is Not Enough

I’ve been reading a blog about a woman who, along with her husband and five children, has become financially independent. Like many such bloggers, she publishes her annual spending, and it’s around $25-$30,000 per year. In the comments section of one annual update, a commenter said something along the lines of “This is why I think people who need to make more than $30,000 per year are being greedy.”

I need to explain why he is wrong.

Yes, there are people in this country that are being greedy with their income. There are people at many income levels that are making financial decisions we don’t agree with. However, living on $30,000 a year, or less, by choice is not the same thing as doing it out of necessity. It’s a different mindset and you make different choices because you’re presented with different options.

One can do the beans and rice diet, drive a hooptie, and live in a sketchy apartment by choice. It’s something that one can do for whatever one believes is an acceptable amount of time until one has the money to break free and live a life worth living as defined by the one living it. However, there are more than a few places in this country where $30,000 a year will only just cover beans, rice, a hooptie, and a sketchy apartment. Under those circumstances, one cannot save for that future life worth living. One can barely get by from week to week in the life they have, and if something goes wrong, it may all come crashing down.

Let’s talk about things going wrong. This blogger drives a hooptie these days by choice. She’s used to it, and can’t see any reason to spend the money on an upgrade. If the car breaks, though, she has money in the bank to fix it or replace it. She also has a husband who bought a car to restore for fun, so one can assume he’s got the skills to keep the hooptie away from the mechanic under most circumstances. I, on the other hand, lost my 12-year-old car (RIP, Io, you were one tough cookie) because when she died I didn’t have the skills to fix her and the repair bills past the one I was facing were only going to get worse. That left me with a choice. Do I purchase something I can get for cash, I don’t think I had more than $1,000 that I could get my hands on at the time, or do I get something a little nicer for a loan? A $1,000 car will probably require immediate repairs of some sort. New tires, if nothing else. But is a $1,000 car going to last long enough for an investment in tires to be worth it? A loan, even a favorable one, means I must have the cash income to cover that amount every month, no matter what, until the end of the loan. Neither is a great option. What I’m spending each month on loans and/or repairs, is money that I’m not saving toward the purchase of my next vehicle. My 2017 vehicle expenses which were spent mostly on my work commute including gas, tires, insurance, and $175 per month car loan totaled $6715.81, or 22.4% of a $30,000 income.

Speaking of cash every month, let’s talk housing. This blogger owns her house outright. If things really, really go sideways, all she has to come up with is money to cover the taxes to keep a roof over her head. For the brief period I owned a home outright, I still had to pay $500 a month to stay in the RV park. (RIP, Desert Rose, you were a good home, even without plumbing.) The average cost for for a one-bedroom apartment in the US is around $1,240 plus $150 in utilities. Assuming the $30,000 income is after-tax (ha!), rent is 49.6% of the income ($14,880 annually), plus 0.06% ($1,800 annually) in utilities. If you’re spending half of your income on keeping a roof over your head, the odds are you won’t be able to save enough to put a down payment on a home, let alone buy one outright.

Next up is health insurance. This blogger’s husband served in the military for a time, putting them on the military insurance. Not being military myself, I’m paying $39 per paycheck ($1,014 annually) plus $5,500 deductible. It would be more if I didn’t have a corporate job. Between the two, that’s 21.7% of a $30,000 income. This year I broke my leg. Next year could be a broken arm or a very serious bout of the flu, there’s no way to know.

After shelter, insurance, and a vehicle to get to work, we should move on to food. I’m not beans and ricing it. I like organics when I can find them, and grass-finished meat is better for me and the environment. On the other hand, I also don’t eat out all that often, and my vending machine misbehavior is listed under a different category. In 2017 I spent $3,477.31 on food, or 11.6% of a $30,000 income.

So far we have shelter (50.2%), transportation to work (22.4%), health insurance (21.7%), and food (11.6%). Without taking into account clothes, a cell phone, any form of entertainment or hobby, or debt repayment (excluding the vehicle loan), I’m already at 105.9% of a $30,000 income. That’s $30,000 after taxes, which means more than $15.00 per hour in your paycheck.

This commenter that’s calling a $30,000 income more than enough is probably surviving on $12.00 per hour or less. If he’s happy with the lifestyle he’s got on his income, I’m happy for him. I also wonder what part of the country he lives in, since $12.00 or $15.00 buys a different lifestyle in Allagash versus Portland.

I really like the blogger. I think she’s living a wonderful, rich life and she’s giving her children something few people can by being such a big part of their lives. However, calling her life and my life comparable because we’re spending about the same every year is wrong. I think she offers some wonderful suggestions on how to re-prioritize your energy and money to live more on less, and I think that’s a worthy goal no matter what your income. I have every intention of living a life that makes the world a better place, rather than a worse one. However, trying to do it on $30,000 per year or less with no savings, and a side helping of debt is a bit more of a challenge than can be handled by giving up my daily Starbucks. Particularly when I already don’t stop for coffee. I can’t afford to.

Rest in pieces, dream of living like a grown up. Rest in sad, lonely pieces when even the people who would genuinely benefit from a higher minimum wage fight to keep it down.

Sugar Coated Documentary

I think it’s fair to say that Sugar Coated didn’t really sugar coat their concerns about the sugar industry. Gary Taubes, Robert Lustig, and Ancel Keyes were all names I recognized when they came up. One of the things that surprised me, though, was that despite Ancel Keyes winning, the fact that there are very serious people with very serious concerns about sugar isn’t new at all. Of course, neither is an industry rerouting money for studies and sponsorships to redirect the discourse. In fact, they point out all through the documentary that Big Sugar’s MO is just the same as Big Tobacco’s. As long as there’s enough doubt as to the danger, legislation can’t be passed and they’ll survive.

I have some disagreements with some of their statements. I don’t think that sugar is sugar is sugar. I think that there is a genuine difference between High Fructose Corn Syrup (HFCS), white table sugar, honey, maple syrup, and agave. However, teasing out those differences would have distracted from the overall message which is that there’s too much sugar out there in everything, and especially in processed food. Since most of what’s in processed food is HFCS, and HFCS is terrible, I can roll with the general sentiment.

The increase in processed food and sugar intake coincided with Ancel Keyes “winning” the debate over whether it was fat or sugar that caused heart disease. Big Sugar bankrolled him against a doctor in London , John Yudkin, who had serious concerns about what sugar might be doing to people. There were the same article headlines in the 1970s that there are right now, does it cause diabetes, hyper activity, tooth decay? Since then, particularly in America, we have reduced our meat and fat intake and increased our processed food intake because of a concentrated effort on the part of the sugar industry to paint themselves as harmless, even helpful. When you make low-fat processed foods, what we were being told was healthy, they taste terrible. The fix to that is to add sugar. Check it out next time you’re looking at yogurt or ice cream. The low fat version is almost never a lower calorie version, and in some cases is actually higher calorie. In a strange twist, though, apparently we haven’t changed our vegetable intake at all since the 1980s.

I appreciate that they point out this isn’t just about fat people. Calories in versus calories out isn’t the whole picture. In fact, when you just look at the non-obese, 40% have the metabolic diseases that we blame on obesity. Which means there’s something going on other than just people getting fat. It’s not a moral question or a question of self control. They interviewed an endurance athlete who was on basically a zero fat diet for years because he’d done his research and that’s what was recommended. Since he was monitoring his daily fasting blood glucose, he got to watch himself become pre-diabetic. This was not on cookies and ice cream, this was on oatmeal and sports bars and endurance training. But there “is no evidence to connect sugar to chronic disease.”

I thought it was quite interesting when they pointed out that non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, something of grave and increasing concern among children, is basically the human version of fois gras. It’s just done on a voluntary basis versus the standard force feeding used for geese. This, along with all of the other diseases that are popping up in children are not only a massive and growing burden on the medical industry, but are of increasing concern of shortening lifespans.

Of course, when you’re looking for research on the harm potentially caused by something, if it’s as big and pervasive as sugar, it can be hard to find research that sugar doesn’t have its sticky fingers in. Government has been reducing research grants for decades, and industry is more than happy to fill the void. Just make sure that you’re coming up with the right answers or you won’t get that grant extension for this project or a new grant for the next project.

They do talk about essentially a sin tax on sugar to make it less accessible. I’m not a huge fan of the idea because it wasn’t that long ago that Denmark instituted a tax on saturated fat using the same reasoning. They recently repealed it since a whole bunch of people were popping over to Germany for their cheese and butter. However, we don’t really, actually know enough about what’s definitely good for us versus definitely bad to be sure we’re taxing the right bad things. If you don’t believe me, just pop into two opposing food forums for a visit. On the other hand, I like their idea of restructuring the farm supports to actually support things we know are good for us, like vegetables. I think that should be paired with backing off the subsidies that go to sugar and grain industries. If sugar and grain are no longer unreasonably cheap compared with real food like vegetables, the food industry will naturally move away from them to protect their bottom line. We just need the people advising the food bill to be farmers, not “food industry” lobbyists.

In the end, we use sugar to say “I love you” but it’s starting to ring as hollow as that chocolate shell bunny in your Easter basket. We need to read labels, but we also need labels that are readable to the average shopper. We need to listen to the experts, but we also need some assurance that the experts aren’t in the pocket of the business they’re supposed to be watching. It’s not a simple problem, therefore it’s not a simple solution. However, we do need to be working on a solution for the health of ourselves and our kids rather than the health of the sugar industry.

Food Choices Documentary

I’m not going to lie. I knew this was going to be pushing veg*nism from the start and that’s why I watched it. I wanted to poke holes in it, and boy are there holes to poke. But, like a lot of documentaries, even if you’re not sure about the premise, it can still have some good information.

Right in the beginning, I think the second inverviewee, we see Dr. T. Colin Campbell. Coming from the paleo/primal side of things, I promptly rolled my eyes. While he is far from the only person interviewed, I’m sure his name will give the tenor of the information offered. On the other hand, as was noted near the end of the film, if you shoot the messenger, you don’t have to take seriously the implications of their message. Since that’s a very good point, let’s set Dr. Campbell over in the corner for a minute and use the message for target practice.

Once upon a time, the only people who really got what we now consider “lifestyle diseases” were the amazingly wealthy, the kings and queens. Fast forward to now, and a whole lot more of us are living as relative royalty. Compared to the Pharaohs and Queen Elizabeth I, I’ll buy that. For the most part, at least in wealthy countries, we have at our disposal basically all of the refined foods and animal products that we choose to eat. It is now through “nutritional ignorance and lifestyle choices” that we still suffer the same diseases.

They do look at our closest genetic relatives, chimpanzees, and point out that they are frugivores. Ok, as long as we aren’t being strict in the definition. They also point out that we are built more like frugivores than omnivores. Because our big brains and opposable thumbs haven’t given us any technology to move past killing meat with our teeth and eating it raw. (The shot of the narrator chewing on his very patient cat was pretty cute.) Then someone points out that all of the animals we eat for meat are vegetarians. Clearly they’ve never watched a chicken go after bugs or meat scraps. Also, since they point out that meat is, in the end, muscle, it does make sense that some animals do use plants to build said muscle. It’s called the food chain and we learned about it in elementary school. Even, yes, rhinoceroses, elephants, and buffalo, some of the biggest animals on the planet at this point. I’m guessing no one noticed that all those three do is eat in order to get enough calories to maintain their size.

The part where I can’t disagree much is the take down of modern, CAFO meat production. It’s dangerous for humans, it’s terrible for the planet, and it pretty much only benefits the really, really big meat conglomerates. They also bring up the problems with fish, which most don’t. They use the Sea Shephard folks who are, well, a little further out there than most, but the facts are solid. The ocean has lost 90% of the big fish that we consider commercially viable and while their bycatch numbers might be exaggerated, it’s still a serious problem.

They do make a brief mention that “commercial” eggs are particularly bad, given their Omega 6 contents and the microbiome created when you use GMO feed. What they don’t do is talk about how backyard, properly cared for chickens can combat these problems. They also touch on organic, grassfed beef. It’s benefits are a total fabrication by the meat industry, don’t you know? After all, it’s more land intense, and even if they’re humanely raised, there’s no way to humanely kill them, so it’s still eating death and fear. There’s just no way around it!

I did find it interesting that they discussed the place of calcium and protein, which people do question. I did know that calcium isn’t actually all that useful for bones unless it’s in balance with the other nutrients like vitamin D and magnesium. (They didn’t mention the second part of that sentence, just the first.) Protein I know less about. What I do know is that whichever side of the fence you’re on, the ADA recommendations are wrong. They’re either way too high or way too low. The fact that human breast milk has the least protein of any mammal was interesting. A juxtaposition that I found entertaining was in one part they discussed that you can’t get too little protein from a diet of plants,  as long as the calories are sufficient. In another part, they mention that just because the protein line on the label gives an amount, that doesn’t mean your body can process and use all that’s offered. Hmm.

My main beef with the documentary (yeah, I said it), is that they don’t propose veganism just for some people. They propose it as the best and really only option for anyone. They  don’t even allow for vegetarianism. Although I suppose when you think of milk as “cow secretions,” it might be less appetizing. Despite the popular euphemism of a “plant-based diet,” what they insist works for anyone and everyone is a low fat, plant only diet. This includes children. Apparently in Dr. Spock’s last book, he declared that children should be vegan because there’s no need for animal products for health and therefore no need for them to develop the taste. This would be the same Dr. Spock who’s books spent more time on anicdotal evidence than science.

Of course, it ends on a moral note. Even a lot of these statements I can agree with, out of context. “The boat is sinking, so plug the biggest hole.” “We have an invisible belief system that makes us love some animals and eat others.” “It doesn’t matter how healthy we are if the planet isn’t healthy.” “People aren’t stupid, they’re asleep.”

The thing that frustrates me about food movements is that the sides have so very much in common, but they will not or cannot get past the details to allow for other points of view to maybe be right for the person holding them. The information that’s presented is a little shallow, but not bad. I think they come to the wrong conclusions, but that doesn’t mean they don’t also have good points. I’m sure we can all agree that everyone could stand to eat more vegetables.

The Bears and the Bees

The most recent meeting at the Oxford Hills Honey Bee Club hosted Scott Lindsay, a wildlife biologist from the Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife, to go over information about black bears. Apparently the only state in the lower 48 with a higher population of black bears is Oregon.

At the moment, it is probable that male bears, boars, are are out and about on warm days, 40 degrees and up, but they’re still going back to sleep in between. The female bears, sows, likely won’t be up and around until early to mid-April. That’s also when you’re likely to see cubs in softwood and mixed wood trees. If you do, walk away calmly, since their mother is probably watching nearby.

Interestingly, it takes about a week for their digestion to ramp up after their four to five month hibernation, so their first forays out aren’t gorging. The other interesting piece of information is that as much of a food jackpot as a beehive is, it’s not actually their first choice. If they can find other, natural sources of food, that’s what they prefer. The hard part in the beginning of spring is the limited food supplies outside of the hives ramping up their brood for summer nectar flows.

When I was in Colorado, the bee school emphasized both electricity and physical sturdiness of the structure. Scott prefers making the area around the hive, or anywhere else you don’t want to have a bear, an unpleasant place for the bear to be. This includes electric fencing with a charger giving no less than .5 joules (the horsepower of electricity), and at least a 5,000 volt shock. Something that the bear will remember. However, you can also do things to make the general area unpleasant. There are pyrotechnic shells, cracker shells, that you can get for your 12-gauge. Speak with the ATF and/or USDA for permission. Air horns and firecrackers can also be used to make loud noises. There’s this thing called a propane cannon, but he recommended against using it if you’re in a populated area since it upsets the humans, too. If being annoyingly loud isn’t enough to discourage the bear, you can add some pain stimulus. Aside from the electric fence, you can also get beanbag rounds for your shotgun. If you get rubber bullets, make sure you aim for large muscle masses. The idea is to make the animal uncomfortable, not actually injure it.

If you have a younger bear in the area, they’re easier to train. Because bears are territorial, having a local bear trained to not eat your hives is the best of all outcomes. It will protect its territory, because that’s what they do, and therefore accidentally protect your hives from any not yet trained bears. Not training your local bear means relying on luck to keep your hives safe. Apparently some hives can go years without being touched but half a mile away is an apiary that gets cleaned out on a regular basis. The hard part is that can change without notice. Once the bear finds the easy food source, they’re really, really hard to discourage. A lot of people would like such a bear removed. That’s the second-to-last choice for the department, and it’s also not very effective. First, they’re placed in already claimed territory, annoying the bears on the Quebec border, then they tend to just walk right back home. It really only works with boar bears in the four to five year age group. The odds are, that’s not your bear.

Legally speaking, if a bear is causing harm or damage to you or your livestock, you are allowed to shoot to kill. For it to be legal, you have to call your local game warden within 18 hours. However, most bears have no interest in attacking us and with a little work on our part, they can be discouraged from attacking livestock, too.

One last point. On the off chance that you run into the very, very rare bear that is genuinely predatory and not just trying to intimidate, fight back. Playing dead will not work. However, convincing them that you’re not an easy meal might make them look elsewhere.

A Farmer’s New Year

IMG_6156January has come and gone. Ok, so has February. It is past time to be thinking about what I learned last year and what I’m going to be doing this year. We are well into the season of seed catalogs and getting into the season for starting those seeds. Farming is a highly seasonal occupation, so it’s also time to order bees, chicks, and poults for the coming summer. Unfortunately, I have only just been given permission to put a little weight on my broken ankle and I don’t have an ETA for being functional.

One of the things I learned, after losing my flock to predators, is that I can acquire chickens who are between a few days and a few years old pretty much any time over the summer. However, the older they are, the more habits they’ve established. My current flock is made up of older hens that came from a stationary coop and run that had been scratched down to dirt and younger hens who had been raised in a strictly indoor coop for four months. This has left both groups far less likely to do things like attack the pumpkins I chuck in to them as treats or do serious scratching for bugs. They were getting better at it before it snowed, but they weren’t up to the level of the girls I raised myself and chucked out on grass the minute I could. I also learned that I need to move their mobile coop very regularly to keep the ground clean. That will need to start as soon as it’s warm enough to be planting in the garden where they are currently living. Two strong legs really help with moving the coop.

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Maybe ducklings again? They are adorable.

The latest I can order chicks through the Paris Farmer’s Union is early May. My preferred place to start the chicks, however, is the bathroom upstairs. I should be doing stairs again by the pickup in June, I think. Of course, I also thought I’d be going back to work a month ago. At my bee meeting on Saturday I sat beside a fellow small farmer and we commiserated over broken legs. She broke hers in a February and wasn’t in physical therapy until that August. I was promptly sorry I’d asked about the healing time. There’s not much point in getting chicks in August, since they probably won’t be fully feathered by the first snow. They certainly won’t be big enough to stick up for themselves in the winter coop that is a bit undersized.

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Dead hive in the fall. I think I did the powdered sugar treatment too late. They got damp and caught a chill, most likely.

The real sticky situation is the bees. I have a line on a full 20-frame local hive, but I have to pick it up and do so no later than early May. Because of where my apiary is located, the hive has to be hand carried, and we can’t really break an active hive into smaller pieces to make it lighter. I think my brother will help me with the actual lifting, but it has to be something he can carry, since there’s no way I’ll be able to walk across uneven ground carrying 70# or more of hive and colony by May. The bees are even more time-sensitive than the chickens. If I don’t get them this spring, I won’t stand even half a chance of splitting over the summer to maybe, hopefully, have multiple colonies going into the fall. The other option is to order a box or two of bees. They’re much lighter to handle, but they also won’t have as strong a start and I’ll need to be installing them in mid-April. Of course, they’ll be going into hives with drawn comb, unlike the last batch, so that will help. On the other hand, I’m still going to be on at least one crutch, I’m sure, so checking the queens and feeding them will be extra challenging. Either way, I need to make my decision this week.

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This is last year, this year these are wintering over in the garden.

I had hoped to start a patch of nettles in the yard. I’m not going to be able to get to the boggy parts until it’s too late to plant the seeds. I haven’t even thought about any plants I might want to start for the garden, in no small part because I can’t get down the stairs to our nursery in the cellar. I’ve been struggling with the sprouts I’d like to be feeding my hens before there’s grass available because there is a limited amount of space that I can get to at the moment where there’s both a sink for water and warmth.

Spring is well on its way, the farming year is about to hit its stride, and I am trying to figure out when I’ll be walking again. Happy new year.